Every Martial Arts enthusiast has a part of him or her who sees the attraction of Weapons Fighting. In this first section of Weapons of the World Class, Greg Fraser will introduce you to the first two of the 5 Weapons Groups... Blunt Force and Bladed Weapons.
The 5 Weapons Groups:
1) Blunt Force/ Impact Weapons
2) Bladed/ Cutting Weapons
3) Flexible Weapons
4) Projectile Weapons
5) Combination Weapons
Blunt Force/Impact Weapons are weapons that cause trauma, bone breaking, internal bleeding and bruising through forces of impact, collision and/ or weight. This is the most common weapon style due to the fact that almost any object you can lift can be turned into “a baseball bat”. The common weapons you will learn here are the beer bottle, pool cue, bar stool, broom... Just kidding. You will learn principles of the staff (pole), hammer (top or bottom heavy tools), plus thesingle and double stick (clubs, escrima sticks, bat etc).
JSK Escrima / Escrima / Kali / Arnis is a study of blunt force and bladed weapons.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A collection of training weapons used in an eskrima class. Includes a padded stick, a rattan stick, a wooden training knife, and a collection of modern aluminum training knives, or "trainers".
Also known as Escrima, Arnis, Kali
Country of origin Philippines
Eskrima, Arnis, and Kali are umbrella terms for the traditional martial arts of the Philippines ("Filipino Martial Arts," or FMA) that emphasize weapon-based fighting with sticks, knives and other bladed weapons, and various improvised weapons. It is also known as Estoque (Spanish for rapier), Estocada (Spanish for thrust or stab) and Garrote (Spanish for club). In Luzon they may go by the name of Arnis de Mano, Pananandata (use of weapons), Sinawali (Pampanga, "to weave"), Sitbatan (Pangasinan), Didya and Kabaroan (Ilocos region). In the Visayasand Mindanao, these martial arts have been referred to as Eskrima, Kali, Kaliradman, Pagaradman and Kalirongan. Kuntaw and Silat are separate martial arts that have been practiced in the islands.
It also includes hand-to-hand combat, joint locks, grappling and weapon disarming techniques. Although in general, emphasis is put on weapons for these arts, some systems put empty hands as the primary focus and some old school systems do not teach weapons at all. For the purpose of convenience, this article will use the term Eskrima throughout.
Eskrima masters along with students in Cebu City, Philippines
For all intents and purposes, Eskrima, Arnis and Kali all refer to the same family of Filipino weapon-based martial arts and fighting systems.
Arnis comes from arnes, Old Spanish for armor (harness is an archaic English term for armor which comes from the same roots as the Spanish term). It is derived from the armor costumes used in Moro-moro stage plays where actors fought mock battles using wooden swords. Allegedly, the practice of weaponry by the peasants or Indios was banned by the Spaniards during colonial times and the Moro-moro stick fights were a "disguised" form of continued practice of indigenous martial arts.
Multiple theories exist on the origin of term Kali:
One belief is that the word comes from tjakalele, a tribal style of stick-fencing from Indonesia. This is supported by the similarities between tjakalele and eskrima techniques, as well as Mindanao's proximity to Indonesia.
There exist numerous similar terms of reference for martial arts such as kalirongan, "kalibanga", kaliradman and pagkalikali. These may be the origin of the term kali or they may have evolved from it.
In his book KALI - History of a Forbidden Filipino Fighting Arts, Fred Lazo put forward that Kali was an ancient root word for blade, and that the Filipino words for right hand (kanan) and left hand (kaliwa) are contractions of the terms "way of the blade" (kali daanan) and "without blade" (kali wala) as weapons are usually held with the right hand and the left hand is typically empty.
In their book Cebuano Eskrima: Beyond the Myth however, Dr. Ned Nepangue and Celestino Macachor contend that the term Kali in reference to Filipino martial arts did not exist until the 1960s when two well-known eskrimadors in the United States popularized it to distinguish what they taught from other styles.
Since eskrima and arnis are derived from Spanish words, the preference for the term kali by foreigners may be due to its lack of a definitive foreign origin and an attempt to preserve authenticity of a name that has otherwise been lost to history.
Practitioners of the arts are called eskrimador (male) or eskrimadora (female) for those who call their art eskrima, arnisador for those who call theirs arnis, and kalista or mangangali for those who practice kali.